Standardization in the field of electric vehicles is becoming an important issue. The need for clean energy and the support provided by smart grids have led to new European policies that encourage the deployment of infrastructures to recharge (or replace) the batteries of electrical vehicles.
International work on the development of charger and connector standards is currently ongoing. It will be necessary to ensure that international standards meet European needs, including (for example) compatibility with national rules for wiring.
CEN-CENELEC eMobility Coordination Group (eM-CG)
As a first step, CEN and CENELEC established a Focus Group on European Electro-Mobility which produced in October 2011, as a reply to Mandate M/468 (pdf format) on charging of electric vehicles, a report on 'Standardization for road vehicles and associated infrastructure' (pdf format) that represents the specific standardization requirements for European Electro-mobility.
One of the main recommendations of the Focus Group was to establish a CEN-CENELEC Co-ordination Group on eMobility with the aim to support coordination of standardization activities during the critical phase of writing new standards or updating existing standards.
The CEN-CENELEC eMobility Coordination Group (eM-CG) held its first meeting in March 2012. This group includes representatives of CEN and CENELEC members, organizations representing relevant sectors (automotive industry, utilities, consumers, etc.) and the European Commission, who agreed to work together on reaching the objectives of Mandate M/468. The eM-CG is responsible for making sure that standards necessary for eMobility are being dealt with in a coherent manner by the relevant technical bodies.
A work programme and a list of relevant standards for the charging of electric vehicles (pdf format) was updated in November 2015.
As smart charging is seen as a necessity to optimize the use of electric grid for electric vehicles charging, the CEN-CENELEC eMobility Coordination Group established a specific working group which developed a report on smart charging (pdf format).
Directive on alternative fuels infrastructure
In 2013, the European Commission (Directorate General for Mobility and Transport) launched the EU Clean Fuel Strategy, which contains an ambitious package of measures to ensure the build-up of alternative fuel stations in Europe.
The package contains Directive 2014/94/EU (pdf format) on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in Europe (published in the Official Journal of the European Union in October 2014). A part of Directive 2014/94/EU concerns 'electric recharging points for motor vehicles', topic which is of particular interest of the eM-CG.
In March 2015, CEN and CENELEC received a standardization request (M/533 - Commission Implementing Decision C(2015)330) on the implementation of the above directive 2014/94/EU. The coordination of the 'electric supply' part of M/533 has been allocated to the eM-CG.